Technology Stacks: Get to Know the Basics
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Technology Stacks: Get to Know the Basics

A technology stack is everything that an app does. Most tech companies use specific tech stacks for all the applications they use. Businesses that want their development team to have the right tools for building, analyzing, or maintaining a product must invest in them. 

Tech stacks basically means a collection of technologies that can be deployed for developing software applications. It may include both front-end and backend technologies, such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Node.js, Python, etc.  

If you wish to learn more about tech stack or its components or how it has evolved so far with the increase in number of SaaS tools and offerings, continue reading.  

Front-End Technology Stacks 

The front end is responsible for the visual representation and interactivity of a website or application. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript commonly use front-end technologies to provide the structure, styling, and behavior of a web page.  

Back-End Technology Stacks 

The back end is responsible for server-side processing and data management in an application. It handles tasks such as retrieving and storing data, processing user requests, and performing other operations that are not visible to the end user.  

Back-end technologies such as databases, server-side programming languages, and APIs play a crucial role in ensuring the functionality and performance of an application.   

5 Key Components of Technology Stack

In the following lines, we are going to cover these aspects in their entirety and learn more about them.

1. UI/UX 

UI and UX are two distinct, yet related aspects of software design. UI design focuses on the visual aspects of an application, while UX design covers all aspects of the user’s experience, including usability, accessibility, and overall satisfaction.  

Both UI and UX design play a critical role in determining the success of a product, and they should be carefully considered during the development process. 

2. Database 

A database is usually a system where data is collected, stored, and managed in an organized manner. It typically consists of records or rows of information that are stored in tables. The tables usually have columns containing various information based on each record.  

3. Web Server 

A web server is both software and hardware that serves as the intermediary between the client and the content they request. When a client, such as a web browser, requests content from a website, the request is sent to the web server, which processes the request and returns the appropriate content. 

4. Programming Language 

Programming languages can be classified depending on their abstraction level. For instance, low-level language has more control over the underlying hardware but requires more intricate coding. On the other hand, high-level languages offer a higher level of abstraction. So, they are easier to learn and use but have some limitations in terms of performance and control.  

Each programming language has its syntax or set of rules for writing code. But that must be learned to effectively write and use that language. 

5. Runtime Environment 

A runtime environment refers to an environment in which a program is executed. This environment provides the necessary tools and resources to run the application, such as libraries, execution threads, and memory management.  

To Sum Up  

Tech stacks offer many advantages, one of which is cost savings. By using a pre-configured stack, businesses can reduce the number of specialized engineers they need to hire as one full-stack developer can handle multiple components of the stack. This leads to a more efficient and cost-effective development process. 

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